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Norwegian company foresees, ‘Bubble curtain’ may reduce the intensity of hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico

Bubble curtain

Technology to reduce Hurricanes

In the winter, a technique that keeps Norway’s fjords ice-free could aid in the prevention of disastrous hurricanes. According to reporters, it is now backed by independent research, the Gulf of Mexico can avoid risks in the future.

In the mid-2020s, it’s a hot and humid summer in Louisiana. A tropical depression is building in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Puerto Rico, according to weather forecasts. It’s simply rain and wind so far, but the sea is warm in Cuba, directly in the storm’s expected course, with temperatures reaching 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius). Warm eddies circulate the Gulf of Mexico, as well. By the time it approaches New Orleans, computer models predict the storm will have grown into a Category 4 hurricane.

The technique in question is known as a bubble curtain, and it works by mixing cold water from depths of up to 490 feet (150 meters) with warm soupy surface water.

Air is simply released from the buried pipeline using this approach. The chilly water from the depths is stirred up and mixed with the warmer water on top as the bubbles ascend. The chilled water was then dispersed throughout a larger area of the ocean by natural sea currents. The study found that after 48 hours of ‘bubbling,’ the effect could be seen throughout a 19-by-55-mile area (30 by 90 km).

The substantial evidence, according to Paal Skjetne, Senior Research Scientist at SINTEF, astonished them. It came about as a result of computer simulations that backed up OceanTherm’s working hypothesis.

How do results affect?

The findings are encouraging for Hollingsaeter, who has been experimenting with using water bubbles to control hurricanes since 2005.

Hollingsaeter told Space.com, “The computer ocean models gave outstanding results.” “Now we’d like to undertake a small-scale demonstration, just a 1.5-kilometer [0.9-mile] wide bubble curtain someplace in the Gulf of Mexico, to confirm the effect we’ve seen in the models,” says the researcher.

According to Hollingsaeter, operating a warm-core eddy patrol would cost around $350 million per hurricane season. According to NOAA, the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 cost over $180 billion in today’s money, while Hurricane Ida in August cost $65 billion.

“A Category 4 hurricane is impossible to stop,” Hollingsaeter warned. “We have to do it while they are still young and vulnerable.”

Indeed, the company is in conversations with wildlife organizations about testing bubble curtains as a way to cool down overheated coral reefs, he said.

The bubble curtain concept is gaining traction among oil corporations operating rigs in the Gulf of Mexico, according to Hollingsaeter. It’s not shocking that people are interested. Hurricane Ida knocked down oil production in the Gulf of Mexico for weeks this year, resulting in oil spills due to damage to rigs and processing complexes. In the aftermath of the storm, reports of dozens of birds smeared in oil surfaced.

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